THE RAPID COVID TESTS AND THE POTENTIAL TO DELIVER NANOPARTICLES

Created on: 8th April 2021

THE RAPID COVID TESTS AND THE POTENTIAL TO DELIVER NANOPARTICLES

Boris Johnson unveiled the UK's next move in fighting the coronavirus on Monday evening. The key to his plan is to offer twice-weekly rapid lateral flow Covid tests to everyone in the UK.[1] Additionally, he was supposed to clarify the government's move to trial the Covid passport, but instead, he was evasive in giving a definitive position. However, is the twice-weekly testing a move towards the Covid passport that Johnson seeks to have implemented by June 2021?[2] Moreover, will the repeated barrage of testing cause some people who are reluctant/hesitant to have the vaccine, to take it, rather than being subjected to twice-weekly invasive testing?

VACCINE CERTIFICATION & PASSPORTS

Pubs and restaurants may be permitted to drop social distancing measures if they introduce vaccine passports. A new government initiative will require people to provide 'Covid-certification' to enter theatres, stadiums and nightclubs from this summer.[3] The Covid-certificate will avail those who can provide evidence that they have had either a negative Covid test or have had both Covid vaccinations greater freedoms, but at what cost? In previous articles, I have outlined the dangers of the Covid vaccinations, so that people can make an informed decision when contemplating having the Covid vaccine, but what about the rapid lateral flow Covid tests? Do they pose a risk?

The pandemic has negatively affected the psychological wellbeing of people globally. The adverse effects have been exacerbated by the non-pharmaceutical measures governments have utilised to control the spread of the virus; both the pandemic and the non-pharmaceutical measures have significantly increased global mental-health trends.[4] A key factor to this,, is the fear of contracting the virus. Therefore, how much fear will people be subjected to when they have to have a rapid lateral flow Covid test twice a week, especially when they are not accurate?

SWABBING SNOUTS

The psychological effects of the virus and the significant dangers posed by the vaccinations are well documented; all be it that the latter is censored, many medical professionals and academics have, at a significant personal cost, come forward to warn people. But what about the swabs used in the rapid Covid tests that are put to the back of a person's throat and up into a person's nose? Are they dangerous?

Many within the alternative media, report that the test swabs contain nanoparticles that administer medication, but is this possible or a mere conspiracy? Recent research conducted by John Hopkins University has developed microdevices for drug delivery. The delivery system is engineered on the pattern of a parasitic worm. The star-shaped microdevices change shape in the body to form nanoparticle grippers that hook onto the inside of the body and then release medical payloads inside the person.[5]

Thousands of theragrippers can be deployed in the GI tract. When the paraffin wax coating on the grippers reaches the temperature inside the body, the devices close autonomously and clamp onto the colonic wall. The closing action causes the tiny, six-pointed devices to dig into the mucosa and remain attached to the colon, where they are retained and release their medicine payloads gradually into the body. Eventually, the theragrippers lose their hold on the tissue and are cleared from the intestine via normal gastrointestinal muscular function.[6]

Like many nanoparticles, the grippers can be controlled through chemical and electronic signals.[7] The theragripper is the size of a speck of dust, allowing millions to sit on the end of a swab[8] and be simultaneously placed within the body when inserted via the mouth or nose.[9] Tests have shown that drugs administered via the grippers are readily absorbed into the body, in which drug levels remain high 12 hours later.[10]

We need to note that while the theragrippers are a new development, the concept of administering medication via the nasal passage is not. Intranasal nanogels have for some time been used for drug delivery in patients with migraines, depression, Alzheimer's and schizophrenia.[11] [12] Research has found that although the reason is not understood, the nerves connecting the nasal cavity to the brain are an important route for the delivery of drugs to the brain.[13] [14] There are three different routes by which drugs are transported from the nose to the brain when administered via the nasal cavity; the nasal cavity – olfactory route – the brain; the nasal cavity – olfactory route – cerebrospinal fluid – brain, and the nasal cavity – trigeminal route – the brain. However, regardless of what route, many medications can be delivered via nanoparticles on a swab, via droplets, air or other means via the nasal cavity. The important thing to note is that it is, and has been, possible to administer medication via the nasal cavity by a swab that has nanoparticles on it for over a decade.[15] [16] [17] [18] [19] Nanogels have for some time been administered via the nasal cavity because of their ability to bypass the blood-brain barrier, resulting in good drug delivery uptake in the brain.[20] [21] Moreover, research into nanometric delivery systems for nasal vaccinations have been researched since the late '80s. However, it was not until around 2007 that clinical trials made significant advancements.[22] Additionally, research into nasal vaccinations found that they are more productive and proffer better protection compared with intradermal vaccinations.[23] Consequently, there is now a push within the immunology circles to make Covid vaccines available through a nano nasal aerosol,[24] but it might be some time before we see this. However, given the speed at which the Covid vaccine was produced, and that the pandemic allows for novel methods to be employed, we could see nasal vaccinations by the end of the year.

So, in answer to the question, can nanoparticles containing drugs be placed onto testing swabs? Yes, it is possible, but that does not mean it is being done or is it? It would be one way to make people more compliant, as you could place on the swabs antipsychotic drugs that will make people more compliant thus more susceptible to taking a vaccine, but I have not found any proof that this is being done. To understand what is taking place with the testing, let us now look at who is behind the testing as we follow the money.

FOLLOW THE MONEY

In preparation for the UK government's announcement to offer people free Covid testing twice a week, the government tendered for contractors to meet the increased demand in providing lateral flow testing (LFT) to all of the UK. The two companies providing rapid tests are Omega Diagnostics and Global Access Diagnostics, both based in the UK.[25]

Omega Diagnostics website states that the company seeks to improve human health and wellbeing through developing and providing innovative diagnostic tests to people in need around the world.[26] In partnership with the Burnet Institute, Omega's global health division developed a rapid and convenient test for CD4 in people living with HIV.[27] More recently, Omega Diagnostics, in partnership with the UK Rapid Test Consortium (UK-RTC), manufactured a rapid Covid test.[28]

Last year, in April 2020, Omega signed a material transfer agreement with Mologic, enabling Omega to manufacture Mologic's Covid-19 rapid diagnostic test 'ELISA'.[29] Part of the agreement allowed Mologic access to one of Omega's manufacturing facilities that specialise in making Mologic's rapid Covid test 'ELISA'.[30]

Mologic Ltd. is supported by the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND), who, in partnership with the UK government, was instrumental in facilitating collaboration between Mologic Ltd and Dia Tropix to enable the manufacturing of the rapid covid-19 tests in Dakar, Senegal.[31] [32] The UK government had given  £1million to Mologic to support them in developing and manufacturing the rapid tests.[33] It is Mologic's rapid Covid test - ELISA that Omega Diagnostics are manufacturing for the UK government.

Global Access Diagnostics is a new company that has been granted a government tender to produce the rapid Covid test. It, too, has links to Mologic.

Global Access Diagnostics, is a new social enterprise spin-out from Mologic, one of the UK's leading biotechnology innovators in rapid diagnostic technology. It has been backed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, DfID, FIND and the Wellcome Trust. It is currently building one of Europe's largest diagnostic manufacturing sites, which will have capacity to produce up to 40 million tests per year.[34]

What is alarming is that it does not have a website that outlines what it does for a large company that has won a government tender to produce covid-19 tests. Its main page states that it works in partnership with Mologic and that 'We are currently committed to the provision of rapid diagnostic tests to help in the fight against the Covid 19 pandemic. For this reason, our new website is not quite ready. We're ok with that. We hope you are too.'[35] Yet, while I know we have a pandemic, one would think that such a multimillion-pound company would be able to afford someone to maintain an active internet presence rather than a meagre one-page website? However, while the website tells us very little, what we can glean from other sources is that Global Access Diagnostics are, like Omega Diagnostics, manufacturing the Mologic rapid diagnostic test – ELISA. Therefore, both companies are manufacturing the same test. 

The interconnected web and funding behind these organisations are, for some, very alarming. The Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND), while being funded by a diverse group of investors,[36] has, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation as its primary investor.[37] Additionally, FIND has a DX Ambassadors network which it states is made up of 'high-profile thought leaders'[38] , of which Seth Berkley, CEO of GAVI – the vaccine alliance is one. Gavi was set up in 1999 with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, who gave $750million to set up the organisation.[39] To date, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has given GAVI a total of $4.1billion in grants.[40] Furthermore, the rapid Covid test 'ELISA' developed by Mologic, which is being supplied to the UK government for its UK wide testing rollout, was developed with significant funding by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.[41]

THE GATES OF HELL

Why can funding into covid-19 detection and treatments be traced back to the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation? Some might state that the Gates Foundation is giving to assist in fighting the pandemic, while others argue that they are seeking to control the world and reduce the global population, but which narrative is correct? There are significant links between Gates and population reduction measures. However, it is not my intention to go into these. I would encourage people to do their own research into Gates and his philanthropic endeavours so that you can make your own decision. Personally, after doing my research, I would not take a vaccine or test he has funded or had any part in developing, but that is my decision.

So, are the tests kosher? Currently I have not been able to substantiate the claims that the swabs contain anything that is detrimental to a person's health. Please note however, I am in this article speaking of the rapid lateral flows and not the PCR test swabs. There is a significant difference, as I do believe the PCR tests are part of a project to globally obtain a person's DNA. However, I cannot see that is the case with the rapid tests.

COVERT EXPERIMENTS

The reality is that while I cannot substantiate alternative media claims that the rapid test swabs contain nanoparticle or medication, I have shown that it is possible to deliver medication via swabs that can breach the blood-brain barrier, thus proving that the science exists and that it is already an accepted mode of delivering medication to people with schizophrenia, depression, Alzheimer's disease and diabetes. Therefore, it is not impossible to place nanoparticles/hydrogels onto the swabs that have within them medications or treatments; however, that would mean the government is complicit in covertly conducting experimental treatments, something a government should not do. Note that I said should not as the UK government, along with other governments, have in the past conducted tests on its citizens using biological agents in an attempt to see how the contaminants would spread.[42] [43]

During the Cold War, the British Government used the general public as unwitting biological and chemical warfare guinea pigs on a much greater scale than previously thought, according to new historical research. In more than 750 secret operations, hundreds of thousands of ordinary Britons were subjected to 'mock' biological and chemical warfare attacks launched from aircraft, ships and road vehicles.[44]

Thus, history attests to the reality that Western nations have conducted covert experiments on their citizens. These experimentations have the potential to significantly harm large groups of people, all in the name of the greater good. Therefore, who is to say that is not the case today? However, while there is no proof the rapid Covid swabs do cause harm, the fact that the companies are all linked to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is of grave concern. Additionally, the reality that the UK government repeatedly keeps its citizens in the dark about treatments for Covid and that it censors the alternative media that seeks to inform people make me highly suspicious. Consequently, it would not surprise me if the swabs did contain something, but we will all have to make a decision on whether we use the test or not. Soon people will be offered greater freedoms if they can prove they have had a negative Covid test or have had the vaccine, yet what about those who decline to have either? Will we see a medical apartheid system in the UK, like what is transpiring in Israel? I believe we will.

WARP SPEED & THE PEACE OF GOD

The pace at which things are moving, is very concerning. For many, the future offers only further uncertainty as future prospects look gloomy. However, there is hope, but this is not found in governments or the health care system, but rather in the God of the Bible. Scripture repeatedly warns of the days we are living in and how they will become significantly worse, but God offers hope to those who put their trust in Him, for those who call upon His name. Within the world, there is uncertainty, but in God, we can find security, regardless of what we go through.

As you contemplate what I have written about the rapid test and swabs, I encourage you to look to the LORD as you make God your refuge in these challenging days. The news is littered with doom and gloom of the pandemic, mutant variants, financial insecurity and the possibility of a global war that could start between Russia and Ukraine or China and the West because China seeks to annex Taiwan. All of these events only exacerbate what we are facing and rob a person of peace, but God offers peace that transcends all of the world's woes – a peace that passes all understanding. Therefore, I urge you to seek out the God of the Bible as you put your trust and faith in Him. In this, you will find a deep peace that no situation or person can take away.

May God bless and keep you at this time.  Shalom.[45]

 


[1] Walker, P., Wolfe-Robinson, M., Davis, N., & Dodd, V. (5th April 2021). ‘Everyone in England to be offered twice-weekly Covid tests, PM to say.’ The guardian, online, available from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/05/twice-weekly-lateral-flow-covid-tests-england-lockdown-boris-johnson

[2] Wolcock, D. (5th April 2021). ‘Boris 'wants vaccine passports up and running by JUNE 21' but could fail to get legislation past Parliament as he 'promises Tory rebels they WILL get a vote' and Labour says scheme is like using 'a sledgehammer to crack a nut'. Daily Mail, online, available from https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9436093/Boris-Johnson-lose-key-vote-vaccine-passports.html

[3] Groves, J. (4th April 2021). ‘Will pub jab passports sneak in by the back door? Social distancing rules in bars could be scrapped early... IF bosses demand 'Covid-certification' from drinkers.’ Daily Mail, online, available from https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9435793/Social-distancing-rules-bars-scrapped-early-bosses-demand-Covid-certification.html

[4] Nityashree, K.L., & Shanmughapriya, N. (2020). ‘Psychological impact of COVID-19 worldwide.’ The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 8(2), pp. 645-655. DOI: 10.25215/0802.075

[5] Patrick Smith, (25th November 2020). ‘Johns Hopkins researchers take inspiration from parasitic work for medicine delivery.’ John Hopkins university, online, available from https://hub.jhu.edu/2020/11/25/theragripper-gi-tract-medicine-delivery/#:~:text=Johns%20Hopkins%20researchers%20take%20inspiration%20from%20parasitic%20work,that%20deliver%20medicine%20efficiently%20to%20the%20GI%20tract

[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ghosh, A., Li, L., Xu, L., Dash, R.P., Gupta, N., Lam, J., Jim, Q., Akshintala, V., Pahapale, G., Lui, W., Sarkar, A., Rais, R., Gracias, D.H>, & Selaru, F.M. (2020). ‘Gastrointestinal-resident, shape-changing microdevices extend drug release in vivo.’ Science Advances, 6(4), pp. 1-11. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb4133

[10] Ibid.

[11] Aderibigbe, B.A., & Naki, T. (2018). Design and efficacy of nanogels formulations for intranasal administration. Molecules, 23(6), pp. 1-21.  

[12] Higgins, T.S., Wu, A.W., Illing, E.A., Sokoloski, K.J., Weaver, B.A., Anthony, B.P., Hughes, N., & Ting, J.Y. (2020). ‘Intranasal Antiviral Drug Delivery and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A State of the Art Review.’ PubMed., 163(4), pp. 682-694. https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599820933170

[13] Ibid.

[14] Pardeshi, C.V.; Belgamwar, V.S. (2013). ‘Direct nose to brain drug delivery via integrated nerve pathways bypassing the blood-brain barrier: An excellent platform for brain targeting.’ Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 10, pp. 957–972.

[15] Soni, K.S., Desale, S.S., & Bronich, T.N. (2016). ‘An overview of properties, biomedical applications and obstacles to clinical translation.’ J. Control. Release, 240, pp. 109–126

[16] Kersey, F.R., Merkel, T.J., Perry, J.L., Napier, M.E., & DeSimone, J.M. (2012). ‘Effect of aspect ratio and deformability on nanoparticle extravasation through nanopores.’ Langmuir, 28, pp. 8773–8781.

[17] Torchilin, V.P. (2013). ‘Multifunctional, stimuli-sensitive nanoparticulate systems for drug delivery’. Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 13, pp. 813–827.

[18] Mura, J.S., Nicolas, J., & Couvreur, P. (2013). ‘Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for drug delivery.’ Nat. Mater. 12, pp. 991–1003.

[19] Neamtu, I., Rusu, A.G., Diaconu, A., Nita, L.E., & Chiriac, A.P. (2017). ‘Basic concepts and recent advances in nanogels as carriers for medical applications.’ Drug Deliv. 24, pp. 539–557.

[20] Aderibigbe & Naki

[21] Patel, Z., Patel, B., Patel, S., & Pardeshi, C. (2012). ‘Nose to brain targeted drug delivery bypassing the blood-brain barrier: An overview.’ Drug Invent. Today, 4, pp. 610–615.

[22] Csaba, N., Garcia-Fuentes, M., & Alonso, M.J. (2009). ‘Nanoparticles for nasal vaccination.’ Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 61, pp. 140-157.

[23] Ducournau, C., Moire, N., Carpentier, R., Cantin, P., Herkt, C., Lantier, I., Betdeber, D. & Dimmier-Poisson, I. (2020). ‘Effective Nanoparticle-Based Nasal Vaccine Against Latent and Congenital Toxoplasmosis in Sheep.’ Frontiers in Immunology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.02183

[24] Nao, L., Chen, Z., Wang., & Chen, C. (2021). ‘Design and application of nanoparticles as vaccine adjuvants against human corona virus infection.’ Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, online https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2021.111454

[25] Gov.uk., (15th March 2021). ‘UK government announces partnership with British rapid test manufacturers.’ Gov.UK, online, available from https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-government-announces-partnership-with-british-rapid-test-manufacturers

[26] Omega Diagnostics, (2021). ‘Omega Diagnostics Group PLC.’ Omega Diagnostics, online, available from https://www.omegadiagnostics.com/About

[27] Smith.

[28] Ibid.

[29] White, J. (20th April 2020). ‘Omega Diagnostics inks deal with Mologic over Covid-19 antibody test.’ Share Cast, online, available from https://www.sharecast.com/news/aim-bulletin/omega-diagnostics-inks-deal-with-mologic-over-covid-19-antibody-test--7435347.html

[30] Ibid.

[31] Worley, W. (17th March 2020). ‘Why the UK wants a new coronavirus test to be made in Senegal.’ Devex, online, available from https://www.devex.com/news/why-the-uk-wants-a-new-coronavirus-test-to-be-made-in-senegal-96771

[32] Gov.uk, (2020).’ RESPONSE BY FIND TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS FOREIGN AFFAIRS

SELECT COMMITTEE INQUIRY ON GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY (GHS0030).’ Gov.uk online, available from https://committees.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/18916/default/

[33] Ibid.

[34] Pickover, E. (15th March 2021). ‘The UK firms making millions of quick Covid-19 tests.’ Business Live, online ,available from https://www.business-live.co.uk/technology/uk-firms-making-millions-quick-20167646

[35] Global Access Diagnostics, (2021). ‘Main page.’ Global Access Diagnostics, online, available from https://www.globalaccessdiagnostics.com/

[36] FIND, (2021). ‘Partners & Donors.’ FIND, online, available from https://www.finddx.org/partners-donors/

[37] WHO, (2021). ‘The Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics - FIND.’ WHO, online, available from https://www.who.int/trypanosomiasis_african/partners/find/en/

[38] FIND, (2021). ‘DX Ambassadors.’ FIND, online, available from https://www.finddx.org/dx-ambassadors/

[39] GAVI, (2021). ‘The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.’ GAVI, online, available from https://www.gavi.org/operating-model/gavis-partnership-model/bill-melinda-gates-foundation

[40] GAVI, (2021). ‘Latest Donor Figures.’ GAVI, online, available from https://www.gavi.org/investing-gavi/funding/donor-profiles/bill-melinda-gates-foundation

[41] Mologic, (2021). ‘Mologic Develops New Lateral Flow Testing Platform, Partners With West African Dx Center.’ Mologic, online, available from https://mologic.co.uk/mologic-develops-new-lateral-flow-testing-platform-partners-with-west-african-dx-center/

[42] Barnett, A., (21st April 2002). ‘Millions were in germ war tests Much of Britain was exposed to bacteria sprayed in secret trials.’ The Guardian, online available from https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2002/apr/21/uk.medicalscience

[43] Keys, D., (9th July 2015). ‘How the British Government subjected thousands of people to chemical and biological warfare trials during Cold War.’ The Independent, online, available from https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/how-british-government-subjected-thousands-people-chemical-and-biological-warfare-trials-during-cold-war-10376411.html

[44] Ibid.

[45] Mologic, (6th March 2020). ‘Mologic Awarded C.£1 Million by UK Government to Develop Rapid Diagnostic Test for COVID-19.’ Lab Manager, online, available from https://www.labmanager.com/product-news/mologic-awarded-c-1-million-by-uk-government-to-develop-rapid-diagnostic-test-for-covid-19-21949

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